Download Applied Ontology by Katherine Munn, Barry Smith PDF

By Katherine Munn, Barry Smith

Ontology is the philosophical self-discipline that goals to appreciate how issues on this planet are divided into different types and the way those different types are comparable. this is often precisely what info scientists objective for in growing dependent, automatic representations, known as ontologies, for handling details in fields such as technology, executive, undefined, and healthcare. at the moment, those platforms are designed in quite a few alternative ways, so they can't proportion info with each other. This quantity indicates, in a non-technical approach and utilizing examples from drugs and biology, how the rigorous software of theories and insights from philosophical ontology can increase the ontologies upon which info administration relies.

Show description

Read Online or Download Applied Ontology PDF

Similar consciousness & thought books

Identity and Modality (Mind Association Occasional Series)

The 11 new papers during this quantity tackle basic and interrelated philosophical concerns relating modality and id, concerns that have been pivotal to the improvement of analytic philosophy within the 20th century, and stay a key concentration of dialogue within the twenty-first. id and Modality brings jointly prime researchers in metaphysics, the philosophy of brain, the philosophy of technological know-how, and the philosophy of arithmetic.

Process Approaches to Consciousness in Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind

Opens a discussion among strategy philosophy and modern attention experiences.

The Ethics of Subjectivity: Perspectives since the Dawn of Modernity

Throughout the works of key figures in ethics given that modernity this booklet charts a shift from dominant fixated, aim ethical platforms and the dependence on ethical experts reminiscent of God, nature and kingdom to common, formal, fallible, individualistic and/or susceptible ethical structures that occur from the trendy subject's workout of cause and freedom.

First, second, and other selves : essays on friendship and personal identity

In her essay assortment First, moment, and different Selves: Essays on Friendship and private id, recognized student of historical philosophy Jennifer Whiting gathers her formerly released essays taking Aristotle's theories on friendship as a springboard to have interaction with modern philosophical paintings on own id and ethical psychology.

Additional info for Applied Ontology

Example text

Thus, whether a discipline is formal or not depends on the entities to which its claims refer, and on the way in which it refers to them. However, there are two quite different ways in which a judgment may be said to explicitly mention or refer to particular objects. 5 Particular objects are concrete, discrete, and they exist only once. Particular judgments refer to such things by using proper names or demonstrative expressions like ‘Marlene’, ‘this’, or ‘over there’. Further, their truth depends on the state of exactly those particular things to which they refer.

Edmund Husserl, who introduced this term into philosophy, describes it as the ‘eidetic science of the object as such’ (Husserl, Husserliana, 3/1, 26-27). Eidetic derives from the Greek eidos, which means form. Therefore, we will approach Husserl’s formula by 44 means of a brief discussion of the general distinction between matter and form. This will lead to a discussion of experience and its objects, thus enabling us to understand the second part of Husserl’s description of the object as such. Husserl deliberately uses the term ‘eidetic’ instead of ‘formal’, because he wants to avoid misleading connotations (Husserl, Husserliana, 3/1, 9).

Matter and Form According to Aristotle General is the opposite of regional, and formal is the opposite of material. Formal ontology, rather than being non-regional, is non-material. It may study a specific kind of thing, but that does not mean that it studies particular and concrete instances of these kinds. What does this mean? In order to distinguish formal from material ontology, we will now consider the distinction between matter and form. There are at least two different traditional conceptions of the difference between matter and form, which are attributable to Aristotle and Immanuel Kant respectively.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.93 of 5 – based on 40 votes