By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Committee on Alternatives for Inspection of Outer Continental ShelfOperations
Aggressive, potent protection inspection courses are key components to making sure that oil- and gas-producing platform operations at the outer continental shelf are carried out in a secure and environmentally sound demeanour. even if the oil and fuel leaseholders themselves are essentially answerable for the stability in their operations, the Minerals administration carrier (MMS) of the dep. of the internal is charged with prescribing protection and analyzing systems. in line with an MMS request, this publication examines attainable revisions of MMS's inspection method, appraises inspection practices elsewhere--both in executive and industry--assesses the benefits and drawbacks of different tactics, and recommends almost certainly extra effective practices aimed toward expanding industry's understanding of its responsibility for safety.
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Extra info for Alternatives for inspecting outer continental shelf operations
Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. CURRENT INSPECTION PROGRAM: EVOLUTION AND PRACTICE 33 Pollution (Spill) Incidents A further hazard deriving from offshore gas and oil operations is the spilling of pollutants which may endanger the marine and coastal environments.
The problems of safety and environmental risks on the OCS have been studied thoroughly by the government, individual investigators, and contractors (NRC, 1981, 1984; MIT, 1986). Over the past 15 years measures have been developed to reduce those risks. Leaseholders recognize that they have an enormous economic stake in maintaining safe operations. The problem is to keep control devices in good repair and to maintain high levels of safety awareness over time. This chapter describes the inspection program and practices currently employed by the MMS on the OCS.
These supplements are subject to concurrence at the headquarters level prior to promulgation by the regional director. The handbook outlines procedures to be followed by inspectors in handling incidents of non-compliance, including notifications of operators, and for maintaining and submitting inspection records. It also describes internal review procedures designed to monitor a region's inspection process. " (The MMS recently issued uniform regulations which supersede the regional OCS Orders; these regulations went into effect on May 31, 1988.