Download Air Pollution: Measurement, Modelling and Mitigation by Jeremy Colls PDF

By Jeremy Colls

A one cease, entire textbook, protecting the 3 crucial parts of pollution technological know-how. The 3rd version has been up to date with the most recent advancements, specially the inclusion of recent info at the function of air pollution in weather switch. The authors provide higher assurance to the constructing economies all over the world the place pollution difficulties are at the upward push.

The 3rd variation keeps to hide a variety of air caliber concerns, maintaining a quantitative viewpoint. subject matters lined contain - gaseous and particulate air toxins, dimension options, meteorology and dispersion modelling, cellular assets, indoor air, results on vegetation, fabrics, people and animals. relocating clear of classical poisonous air toxins, there's a bankruptcy on weather switch and one other at the depletion of stratospheric ozone. a different characteristic of this new version is the inclusion of a clean bankruptcy on pollution mitigation by means of plants, ordinarily its position in conserving a sustainable city surroundings.

Recommended for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate classes specialising in pollution, either for environmental scientists and engineers. the recent fabric incorporated within the 3rd version extends its use via practitioners in consultancies or neighborhood authorities.

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Extra info for Air Pollution: Measurement, Modelling and Mitigation

Example text

9 shows that road vehicle emissions rose steadily between 1970 and 1989; during this period emission from total petrol consumption, mainly by cars, rose by 106% from the 1970 level and emission from diesel consumption rose by 38%. 9 NOx emissions in the UK from Road Transport by Vehicle Type (ktonnes) and projections to 2010. Source: NAEI (2008) UK Emissions of Air Pollutants 1970 to 2006, National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory, October 2008. 10 UK NOx emissions by type 1970–2020. Source: National Expert Group on Transboundary Air Pollution (2001) Transboundar y Air Pollution: Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone in the UK, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh.

However, the major NOx problem is considered to be associated with combustion since the total volume of NOx released from other sources is much smaller. Burn less fuel! Fewer motor cars, smaller engines, more public transport, more home insulation and similar measures. Since the same combustion processes are involved, all the arguments and methods that applied to SO2 will reduce NOx production correspondingly. Air pollutants: sources and control of gases 27 Low-nitrogen fuel There is not much to be gained by using low-N coal or oil, since they tend to have similar N content.

Since nitrogen oxides are mainly produced during combustion from interaction of oxygen and nitrogen in the air, with participation of some active carbon species from the fuel, the most straightforward option would be to burn a fuel with no carbon (for example H2). However, it may not be as simple as that since some combustion processes also produce NOx from conversion of nitrogen originally present in the fuel itself. Apart from combustion NOx is also produced from production and use of nitric acid and from agricultural processes (for example silage production).

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