Download Advanced Obstetrical Ultrasound: Fetal Brain, Spine, and by Noam Lazebnik PDF

By Noam Lazebnik

Imaging of the fetus is the most typical ultrasound examine played. whereas such a lot reports exhibit little greater than a fit fetus, the facility to spot anomalies on the topic of the improvement of the fetal mind and musculoskeletal procedure is important. incorporated during this factor are articles at the use of ultrasound to diagnose cystic mind lots, neural migration anomalies, and abnormalities of the skull, backbone, thorax, and top and decrease extremities. the power to become aware of those difficulties early may have a good influence at the process the being pregnant, in the course of supply, and postpartum.

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8 and 9. The Fig. 9. Tomographic display mode demonstrating multiple successive sagittal views taken through the entire width of the spine defect. The lateral displacement of the cerebellar hemispheres can be evaluated at the different levels of the cerebellum. Only the meninges are herniating out. 3D Image of Fetal Spine sonographic volume was displayed in three orthogonal planes to visualize the anomaly in both the axial and the sagittal planes. Tomographic ultrasound imaging mode displays successive sagittal planes, improving delineation of extent of the anomaly and the nature of the tissue herniating through the defect to be meninges, suggesting meningocele.

The ‘‘thick slice’’ technique was applied to obtain the rendered image in the MIP mode (D). Using this technique, the slice thickness can be adjusted, controlling the tissue width that is visualized by the final rendered image. (E) Rendered three-dimensional image of the fetal spine, vertebra, ribs, and the pelvic bones. The MIP mode and unique color scheme are used to document better the bony structures. 3D Image of Fetal Spine Fig. 3. Rendered three-dimensional image of the profile of an anencephalic fetus at 19 weeks.

Kalache KD, Bamberg C, Proquitte´ H, et al. Threedimensional multi-slice view: new prospects for evaluation of congenital anomalies in the fetus. J Ultrasound Med 2006;25(8):1041–9. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Spina bifida fact sheet. ninds. htm. Accessed November 7, 2008. Erol B, Kusumi K, Lou B, et al. Etiology of congenital scoliosis. UPOJ 2002;15:37–42. McMaster MJ, David CV. Hemivertebra as a cause of scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Br 1986;68:588–95. Connor JM, Conner AN, Connor RAC, et al.

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