By Marc Romanych,Martin Rupp, et al.ePub Direct|Osprey Publishing Ltd||Osprey PublishingAdult NonfictionHistoryLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 20.01.2014Street date: 20.01.2014
In the early days of worldwide battle I, Germany unveiled a brand new weapon – the cellular 42cm (16.5 inch) M-Gerät howitzer. on the time, it used to be the most important artillery piece of its sort on this planet and a heavily guarded mystery. while warfare broke out, of the howitzers have been rushed without delay from the manufacturing unit to Liege the place they fast destroyed forts and forced the fort to give up. After repeat performances at Namur, Maubeuge and Antwerp, German infantrymen christened the howitzers 'Grosse' or 'Dicke Berta' (Fat or great Bertha) after Bertha von Krupp, proprietor of the Krupp armament works that equipped the howitzers. The nickname was once quickly picked up through German press which triumphed the 42cm howitzers as Wunderwaffe (wonder weapons), and the legend of huge Bertha was once born. This publication information the layout and improvement of German siege weapons prior to and through global battle I. Accompanying the textual content are many infrequent, never-before-published images of 'Big Bertha' and the opposite German siege guns....
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Additional resources for 42cm "Big Bertha" and German Siege Artillery of World War I
Romanych) Preparing a firing position for a Gamma-Gerät was a major engineering feat. Construction began with building a standard-gauge rail spur from the nearest main railroad line to the firing site and laying switching tracks for maneuvering the railcars during emplacement. Meanwhile, battery personnel cleared the firing position of vegetation and dug the pit for the foundation. Once spur tracks and the foundation pit were completed, the first railcar with wood for the foundation was moved into position and offloaded.
Later in the war, the siege guns were emplaced much further apart – up to a kilometer – to mitigate Allied counter-battery fire. Fire was indirect, meaning that there was no direct line of sight between the gun and its target. To conserve rounds, siege guns fired only when the target could be seen by observers and rarely fired at night or in bad weather when the target could not be seen. When a battery was ready to fire, forward observers, usually an officer, established an observation post near the front line to identify and observe the target.
Despite initial problems penetrating 30cm thick armored plate, it passed testing the next year and was accepted for service in the spring of 1911 under the pseudonym 42cm kurze Marinekanone (short naval cannon) 12 or Gamma-Gerät (Gamma-Equipment). However, at twice the size and more than three times the weight, transportation and emplacement of the Gamma were far more difficult than either model of the Beta-Gerät. Yet, despite its immobility, the Gamma was accepted by the APK because, at the time, firepower was the primary consideration for siege artillery.