Download 1919 Versailles. The End of the War to End All Wars by Charles L. Mee Jr. PDF

By Charles L. Mee Jr.

World warfare I and the Versailles Treaty that produced the main critical upheaval in a protracted and stormy process sleek international background. 4 nice empires - Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Russia - have been a part of the war's rubble. faraway from restoring the realm to reserve, the diplomats who met in 1919 at Paris and Versailles plunged the area back, this time irretrievably, into the chaos of the 20 th century. It used to be the top of order.

At 3 o'clock at the afternoon of could 7, 1919, the pinnacle of the German delegation to the Paris Peace convention entered a room within the Palace of Versailles and was once "dazzled and disoriented via the unexpected explosion of sun mirrored within the large mirrors, the chandeliers and white walls." Brockdorf-Rantzau used to be extra bewildered via the treaty that was once provided to him - "a mass of pass references and adjusted paragraphs" protecting 2 hundred published pages and a hundred and forty articles. but nobody had studied the rfile - now not the barrel-chested, shrewd...

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Extra resources for 1919 Versailles. The End of the War to End All Wars

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With the support of the Germans, Austria-Hungary made certain demands of the Serbians, who satisfied most but not all of them. On July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war against Serbia. No one, or too few people, hated war in 1914. They remembered too little of war, and what they did remember was of such brief wars as the Crimean War of 1854-56, or the Franco-Prussian War of 1871, which had been decisive, glorious, advantageous for the victors — and fought by professional soldiers. To suggest, in 1914, that disputes might be settled peacefully, seemed to reveal a lack of courage and national pride.

He dropped out of a small Presbyterian college in North Carolina where he had gone to study for the ministry. At Princeton, where he started over again at the age of nineteen, he had an undistinguished academic record. He studied law at Virginia and failed in trying to begin a legal practice, returning to Johns Hopkins to study history — which at last he taught at Bryn Mawr and Princeton. He rose by the powers of his rhetoric. Everywhere he went as a student, he formed debating societies. At Princeton, he formed the “Liberal Debating Club,” composed a constitution for it, and was elected its prime minister; at law school at the University of Virginia, he joined the Jefferson Society, became its president, and revised its constitution; at Johns Hopkins, he urged the members of the Hopkins Literary Society to turn themselves into the “Hopkins House of Commons,” for which Wilson wrote a constitution; when he taught for a time at Wesleyan, he reorganized the students’ debating society for them, turned it into a “House of Commons,” and wrote a constitution for it.

When Alfred Dreyfus, a captain on the French general staff, was convicted of selling secrets to the Germans — and Clemenceau discovered that a cluster of conservatives and anti-Semites had faked the evidence — Clemenceau attacked the military establishment and the government mercilessly. It was Clemenceau who published Emile Zola’s famous attack on the government, J’accuse! (and Clemenceau, incidentally, who thought of that inflammatory title for the article), and Clemenceau who stayed with the case long after others had grown tired of it, including Dreyfus himself, who was willing — to Clemenceau’s disgust — to settle for a mere pardon.

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